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10G Network of the Future: Technology Deepdive

As we enter a new era of technology innovation, the need for a platform that leads progress is vital. 10G will deliver residential internet speeds 10 times faster than today’s networks and 100 times faster than what most consumers currently experience. This is because 10G provides faster symmetrical speeds, lower latencies, enhanced reliability, higher compute capabilities and better security at scale.

10G Technologies

End Consumer Fixed-Line Technologies

10G will power the ultimate customer experience utilizing technology that provides the necessary speed, capacity and reliability. Through many new and updated technologies, 10G will provide more data capacity, multi-gigabit upstream capabilities.

Home & Enterprise Technologies

Through various ongoing Wi-Fi integrations and applications, 10G will safely and reliably provide homes and businesses the ability to have more connected devices and enhanced digital experiences.

10G/25G/50G-PON

Provides efficient, high capacity solutions for fiber deployments that meet the needs of power users and businesses of all sizes.

Standardized in 2009 and first deployed in 2012, 10 Gbps Passive Optical Network (10G-PON) is the current state-of-the-art technology for fiber to the premise (FTTP) solutions allowing for 10 Gbps symmetric capacity. The emerging 25G-PON and 50G-PON technology will allow cable operators to deploy cost-effective solutions over the same optical distribution network far into the future to meet high-speed data trends. Coupled with CableLabs DOCSIS Provisioning of EPON (DPoE) specifications, cable operators can leverage the common DOCSIS provisioning systems to provision FTTP devices in the same manner they provision DOCSIS devices.

FDX Point-to-Point Coherent Optics

Leverages the existing access network fiber infrastructure to support exponential growth in capacity and services for residential and business customers and to support the emerging Distributed Access Architecture.

In the emerging Distributed Access Architecture, a massive amount of capacity is required to support traffic aggregation from intelligent edge devices such as Remote-PHY and Remote-MACPHY devices. The Coherent Optics technology leverages the unique characteristics of the cable access network to bring the immense capacity of coherent optics to the access network in a cost-efficient manner. Furthermore, Full Duplex Coherent Optics provides for the ultimate cost reduction of the technology when used in single-fiber deployment scenarios. At 100 Gbps, 200 Gbps and ultimately 400 Gbps rates, and optical wavelengths on the ITU DWDM grid, a single existing fiber can be used to carry upwards of 50 Tbps in each direction.

DOCSIS 3.1

Meets consumer demand for high-speed connections and sophisticated applications by improving broadband speed, quality of experience, energy efficiency and capacity

Deployment of DOCSIS 3.1 technology:

  • Provides support for up to 10 Gbps downstream and up to 1 Gbps upstream network capacity.
  • Utilizes Active Queue Management to significantly reduce network delay as data traffic grows in the home network, dramatically improving responsiveness for applications such as online gaming.
  • Enables a significant increase in network capacity with the ability to transmit up to 50 percent more data over the same spectrum, on existing HFC networks, compared to DOCSIS 3.0 technology.
  • Delivers enhancements to the DOCSIS protocols, increasing cable modem energy efficiency through advanced energy management protocols.

FDX DOCSIS

The ultimate technology to support the speed and latency requirements of current and emerging services over HFC networks.

An extension of the DOCSIS 3.1 specification, Full Duplex DOCSIS technology allows cable operators to ultimately achieve 10 Gbps speeds downstream and upstream. Full Duplex DOCSIS technology dramatically changes the downstream-to-upstream ratio, easily allowing for multi-gigabit symmetric services over HFC networks. This translates into an increase in spectral efficiency of almost 100 percent. As future applications are developed that require higher upstream traffic profiles, such as IoT applications and virtual reality, the ability to offer symmetric speeds is a game changer.

Low Latency DOCSIS

Significantly reduces network delay, benefiting a range of applications such as voice and video conferencing, gaming, even web browsing, thereby improving the Internet user experience.

Our latest DOCSIS specification is the next frontier for broadband performance, delivering meaningful improvement to user experiences and bringing cable broadband customers one step closer to a world of seamless and rapid communication. From gamers to medical patients to everyday internet users, customers are seeking real-time control over their applications—without choppiness, freezing or other latency issues that won’t be improved by simply adding more bandwidth. CableLabs’ Low Latency DOCSIS (LLD) technology is a new approach that can decrease latency to just 1 ms for many applications. This enhancement to cable broadband will ensure that web pages load faster, video calling is smooth and online gaming is highly responsive.

Wi-Fi Easy Mesh

Provides extended, uniform and continuous coverage throughout an entire home while maintaining a high-quality user experience

CableLabs worked with the Wi-Fi Alliance to develop the EasyMesh™ technology and the EasyMesh™ certification program that define how multiple access points (AP) in homes and small offices work together to form a unified network. These networks provide smart, continuous and efficient Wi-Fi throughout the home and outdoor spaces. Simple and easy to install, the network self-monitors to ensure optimal performance and offers network intelligence, load balancing, flexible design, scalability and multi-vendor interoperability in networks.

Wi-Fi Passpoint

Eliminates the need for users to authenticate a network each time they connect due to a reliable and secure connection experience

The days of searching for a Wi-Fi connection may soon be over. Tested by CableLabs and developed by the Wi-Fi Alliance, Wi-Fi Passpoint is a foundational ingredient to Wi-Fi roaming standards. The technology utilizes the highest WPA2™ security and automates the access point (AP) authentication process, enabling a seamless connection between hotspots and mobile devices.

Wi-Fi Vantage

Meets both operator demands to improve wireless performance in crowded locations and consumer demand for seamless Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi Vantage is the technology suite operators use to deliver performance beyond the access point and the devices connected to it. The technology makes it easier for users to select network devices that provide the best Wi-Fi experience in airports, stadiums, offices, campuses, retail locations, and service provider-managed residential networks.

Micronets

An advanced and agile platform that contains network security breaches and provides adaptive measures that tackle evolving threats

Micronets is an on-premise network management system that provides adaptive and effortless enterprise-level security. Built on Software Defined Networking (SDN) technologies, micronets leverages device fingerprinting and dynamic identity techniques (e.g., PKI certificates) to automatically organize all network-connected devices into separate trust domains, or micronets, and manages the connectivity between them. By organizing all the networked devices into multiple micronets, the system can effectively isolate any security threats and prevent them from damaging the entire network.

Wi-Fi PNM

Increases both operational efficiency and customer experience by detecting impending network failure conditions, followed by remediation before problems become evident to users

Wi-Fi PNM brings enterprise-level management to residential customers by creating a standard for key performance data elements. Current residential Wi-Fi solutions are proprietary and non-scalable. Standardizing Wi-Fi PNM enables all CPE and analytics vendors to access the same data, enabling economies of scale.

Low Latency Mobile Backhaul

Make DOCSIS-based networks a robust backhaul solution for the next generation mobile technologies, enabling the support of 4.5G, 5G and beyond mobile networks

CableLabs developed innovative technologies that enable DOCSIS based networks to support ~2 msec mobile backhaul latencies with low jitter, thus removing the current latency barrier for DOCSIS networks. This will yield effective solutions that can meet 4.5G and 5G low-latency backhaul needs and maximize the performance and spectral efficiency of mobile networks.