DOCSIS® 4.0 Technology
DOCSIS 4.0 technology enables the next generation of broadband over cable’s hybrid fiber coax (HFC) networks, delivering symmetrical multi-gigabit speeds while supporting high reliability, high security and low latency.
|DOCSIS 1.0||DOCSIS 1.1||DOCSIS 2.0||DOCSIS 3.0||DOCSIS 3.1||
|Highlights||Initial cable broadband technology, high speed internet access||Added voice over IP service, gaming, streaming||Higher upstream speed, capacity for symmetric services||Greatly enhances capacity, channel bonding, IPv6||Capacity and efficiency progression, OFDM, wideband channel||Symmetrical streaming and increased upload speeds|
|Downstream Capacity||40 Mbps||40 Mbps||40 Mbps||1 Gbps||10 Gbps||10 Gbps|
|Upstream Capacity||10 Mbps||10 Mbps||30 Mbps||200 Mbps||1-2 Gbps||6 Gbps|
|First Specification Issue Date||1996||1999||2001||2006||2013||2019|
The performance numbers above are based on specifications; deployed network performance will vary across implementations.
- What is the difference between DOCSIS 3.1 specifications and 4.0 specifications?
The difference in specifications is an increase in upstream capacity and more options for operators to increase downstream capacities. Current DOCSIS 3.1 cable modems support capacities up to 5 Gbps downstream and 1.5 Gbps upstream. DOCSIS 4.0 cable modems will support capacities up to 10 Gbps downstream and 6 Gbps upstream.
- How did CableLabs and the industry cooperate to develop DOCSIS 4.0?
In June 2016, FDX technology transitioned from an innovation project to an industry-wide R&D effort led by CableLabs. It was originally introduced in the DOCSIS 3.1 suite of specifications. CableLabs moved FDX requirements from DOCSIS 3.1 to DOCSIS 4.0 specifications in August 2019. Vendors and member cable operators of CableLabs continue to collaborate on further developing DOCSIS 4.0 to include Extended Spectrum DOCSIS (up to 1.8 GHz).
- Where can I find DOCSIS 3.1 technology resources?
DOCSIS 3.1 information and resources can be found in its new home URL:
- How does DOCSIS 4.0 technology contribute to 10G?
DOCSIS 4.0 technology is a major step toward reaching the industry’s 10G goal. With full duplex and extended spectrum capabilities integrated into next-generation DOCSIS 4.0 technology, the industry will be able to deliver on that 10 Gbps promise over hybrid fiber coax networks. Learn more about the road to 10G and its technologies.